Facts about Vitamin B2 or Riboflavin: Riboflavin Deficiency, Riboflavin Foods and Riboflavin Benefits. What is Riboflavin? Health Benefits of Riboflavin.Facts about Vitamin B2.
Vitamin B2 or Riboflavin is a water soluble vitamin which our body needs to process the carbohydrates, fats, and proteins. Riboflavin plays an important role in maintaining the health. Riboflavin also adds color to solid B-vitamin preparations (orange), vitamin supplement solutions (yellow) and to the urine (fluorescent yellow) of persons who has high-dose B-complex preparations. Highest concentrations of Vitamin B2 or Riboflavin in the body occur in the liver, kidneys, and heart. Basically, Riboflavin is non-toxic as there is no documentation of toxicity symptoms for Vitamin B2 or Riboflavin so far.
Riboflavin Deficiency: Deficiency Symptoms of Riboflavin or Vitamin B2
Riboflavin or Vitamin B2 can be found in variety of foods and a balanced diet is good enough to get right amount of Vitamin B2 or Riboflavin. But in the case of Riboflavin deficiency, it can lead to eye problems like lack of clear vision, burning and itching sensation in and around the eyes and sensitive to bright lights. Lack of Riboflavin can also cause sores around the lips and cracking of the skin at the corners of the mouth. Low blood counts, dizziness, hair loss and poor digestion can also be the Riboflavin deficiency symptoms. Riboflavin or Vitamin B2 deficiency can be the precursor to preeclampsia (abnormal state of pregnancy characterized by hypertension and fluid retention and albuminuria) in the pregnant women.
Riboflavin Foods: Food Sources of Vitamin B2 or Riboflavin
Riboflavin or Vitamin B2 is easily available and can be found in various food sources. Excellent food sources of Riboflavin are mushrooms, spinach, dairy products (milk, yogurt, cottage cheese), eggs and oily fish like mackerel, eel and herring. Good amount Riboflavin is also present in asparagus, swiss chard, mustard greens, broccoli, green beans, sunflower seeds and whole grains. Berries and meat are also god sources of Riboflavin. It is important to note that Riboflavin is essential for our body as it can affect the body’s use of other vitamins.
Riboflavin Benefits: Health Benefits of Riboflavin or Vitamin B2
• Riboflavin or Vitamin B2 is important and essential for energy production. Along with Riboflavin, Vitamin B1 also plays important role in energy production. While producing energy Riboflavin converts to flavin adenine dinucleotide (FAD) or flavin mononucleotide (FMN). After converted to these form, Riboflavin can attach to protein enzymes and allow oxygen-based energy production to occur.
• Riboflavin strengthens the immune system and maintains healthy digestive tracts. It also promotes the immunity and protects the body from infections and diseases. Inadequate amount of Riboflavin in the body increases the levels of homocysteine. High levels of homocysteine increases the risk of heart attack, damages blood vessels and raises blood clotting.
• Glutathione is an enzyme in the body that is a powerful scavenger of free radicals. Like any other antioxidant molecules Glutathione also needs to be recycled. Riboflavin helps to allow this recycling to happen properly.
• Another important role that Riboflavin or Vitamin B2 plays is that it helps to maintain supply of Vitamin B3 or Niacin. Tryptophan is the precursor of niacin and body converts Tryptophan into Niacin. This process in done with the help of Riboflavin and kynurenine mono-oxygenase (an enzyme belongs to the family of oxidoreductases).
• Riboflavin is also helpful in the absorption of other minerals vitamins such as iron, folic acid and other vitamins. It also good for protecting nervous system and regulating thyroid activity. Riboflavin is important for the growth of body tissues such as eyes, mucous membranes, skin, hair and nails. It is also essential for the formation of red blood cells.
Riboflavin or Vitamin B2 plays an important role in the treatment of anaemia, cataracts, migraine, rosacea and vaginitis.